A lot of confusion exists between hemp extract, CBD isolate and full spectrum CBD.
While they all come from the same plant - industrial hemp, cannabis offers quite a broad selection of different products on the market. High quality extracts are made by extracting active compounds with high boiling solvents like CO2 or ethanol - this is often referred to as “full spectrum” or “whole plant extract”. The use of these solvents has been considered controversial by some health authorities because toxic residues can remain in low-quality extracts. In many parts of the world, solvent residues are banned for this reason – Canada excluded – yet it still happens to be one of the most effective extraction methods that produce a high quality product at a good price. So, if you are looking the best quality CBD Cream For Pain 1000mg Near Me, you can visit IAdoreCBD.
However, the extraction process is only one side of the coin. The other part is isolating and purifying specific molecules from this extract – just because we have a concentrated form of the whole plant doesn’t mean we can use it as such as if we had put all ingredients in a blender and called it “green smoothie”. Some crucial components may be lost because they dissolve or evaporate at certain temperatures or concentrations. Moreover, there are also some undesirable compounds for human health that need to be eliminated (such as fats and waxes). Therefore, extracting active compounds needs to happen with solvents - but removing toxic residues and improving bioavailability needs to happen with advanced filtration technologies. This second step is what’s referred to as “isolate”.
The difference between an isolate and full spectrum extract, though, often has more to do with marketing than reality - it’s not that simple because there are different kinds of isolates that may or may not be labeled correctly. So let’s get into it!
CBD isolates usually contain 99+% CBD while the rest of the plant material contains other cannabinoids like THC, CBN, CBG and terpenes (also known as terpenoids). This can be useful for research since we can take out specific components for certain studies without leaving any chemical residues behind in the product. However, this also means that full spectrum products rarely contain over 20% CBD.
Isolates are usually sold as a powder or in gel caps, which makes it easy to use for research purposes. The downsides of isolates are that they’re not so cost-effective and can be difficult to work with because it takes advanced equipment to turn them into a liquid form for sublingual use or topical application. There are some companies selling high quality isolates at affordable prices but you want to make sure the lab results are published before buying any of these products!
Full Spectrum CBD Oil vs Whole Plant CBD Extract
The term “full spectrum” typically means that all available cannabinoids (including trace amounts) along with plant terpenes and other phytochemicals have been used. We’re going to discuss the pros and cons of each type, as well as their general applications.
Full Spectrum CBD Oil - Pros
- Inexpensive product with a broad spectrum of cannabinoids/terpenes for maximum effectiveness. This includes even small amounts of THC.
- It usually comes from organically grown hemp so there are no pesticides or other chemical residues left in our products. This can be useful when starting new oil-based studies that require clean samples, especially if the study focuses on terpenes or specific cannabinoids that are just appearing on the market.
- Products are available in various forms including oral sprays, sublingual sprays, tinctures oil infusions, topicals, vape concentrates, edibles and more.
Full Spectrum CBD Oil - Cons
- The downside to using a broad spectrum product is that it’s difficult to confirm whether any other cannabinoids – THC especially – might be masking possible side effects from too much CBD. This could be because we don’t know what each cannabinoid does at specific ratios or doses, by themselves or synergistically together with other components found in the hemp plant. We also don’t know whether terpenes play a role beyond basic aromatherapy (i.e. smelling nice).
- It can be difficult to determine potency levels for products that come with a broad spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes – we’re not sure how much CBD, THC and other components we’re getting and in what ratios. This is especially true if they haven’t been tested by a third party lab.
Whole Plant Hemp Extract - Pros
- The patient gets a wider range of cannabinoids and terpenes in proper ratios which work synergistically together.
- Because we’re able to extract over 50 different from the hemp plant (instead of just CBD), we can finally determine how each cannabinoid interacts with the others. We know that cannabinoids work better in combination, and this has been a huge barrier to medical research.
CBD Isolate - Pros
- Because CBD has been studied for decades, we know what research biologists need to look at when exploring it’s effects on cell receptors and enzymes within the body. This means it’s easier to determine effective dosage levels which is why isolates are often used in research.
- CBD isolate is pure CBD without any of the other cannabinoids or natural hemp compounds. This makes it an excellent option for anyone who wants to focus on CBD itself rather than terpenes, flavonoids and other components . It’s also great if you don’t like that "plant-y" taste that can be common in full spectrum oils.
Isolates are useful when making specific types of products - If we want to make a product with purified levels of one cannabinoid, we can use an isolate instead of a full plant extract so we know exactly how much we’re getting and at what ratios (this is especially useful if we want to treat a disease known for its high dosage level requirements). Because CBD is no longer federally illegal, many companies are willing to use them in their products.
Whole Plant Hemp Extract - Cons
- A full spectrum CBD hemp oil is extracted from the whole plant which includes all of its natural components including terpenes, flavonoids and other cannabinoids . The idea behind extracting from the whole is to create a synergistic effect known as the "entourage effect" where all of these different compounds work together to create something more than the sum of their parts. This does however mean there will likely be some THC present in your final product.
CBD Isolate - Cons
If you choose to treat yourself with CBD, make sure you know what type of product you are getting! While CBD isolates are useful if you’re looking for CBD on its own, full spectrum products are often the best choice if you want the benefits of the wide range of cannabinoids and terpenes found in traditional hemp extracts.
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